CPP may even be paid right into a overseas checking account in a overseas foreign money. Whether or not it’s paid right into a Canadian checking account in Canada or right into a overseas checking account elsewhere, the tax implications are the identical.
How tax on CPP is utilized for non-residents
There’s a commonplace withholding tax price of 25% that’s retained on the supply by Service Canada. This assumes the applicant appropriately signifies their non-residency on their software type. Withholding tax is usually the one Canadian tax obligation a non-resident has for his or her CPP pension.
That stated, Richard, U.S. residents profit from a decreased withholding tax price of 0%. The U.S. permits the identical nil withholding tax therapy for Social Safety—the equal of CPP within the U.S.—for a Canadian resident receiving Social Safety.
U.S. residents are taxed on their worldwide earnings, together with CPP. Canada and the U.S. have agreed of their tax treaty to solely tax 85% of CPP obtained by a U.S. taxpayer and 85% of Social Safety obtained by a Canadian taxpayer.
So, assuming you might be thought of a U.S. resident, you haven’t any withholding tax and no Canadian tax submitting obligation to your CPP, Richard. It ought to be reported in your U.S. tax return, and 15% of it’s tax free to you.
Guidelines for Canadians additionally receiving a U.S. Social Safety pension
If you’re additionally entitled to a Social Safety pension, Richard, your CPP might have an effect on it once you apply. That is due to the Windfall Elimination Provision (WEP). This Social Safety nuance could cause a discount within the pension if the pensioner receives a retirement pension for work that they did out of the country for which they didn’t make Social Safety contributions.
When you’re 65, Richard, you could possibly apply to your Outdated Age Safety (OAS) pension. As a non-resident, the standards for qualifying for funds whereas residing exterior of Canada are:
- You lived in Canada for at the least 20 years after turning 18.
- You lived and labored in a rustic that has a social safety settlement with Canada. The time you lived or labored in that nation and Canada have to be at the least 20 years.
It is best to present a replica of your NR4 tax slip (Assertion of Quantities Paid or Credited to Non-Residents of Canada) to your U.S. accountant in order that they will report it in your U.S. tax return, Richard. However once more, underneath the United States-Canada Revenue Tax Conference, you haven’t any Canadian tax to pay in your CPP as a U.S. resident.